SDGs in Indonesia

SDGs in Indonesia

The Sustainable Development Goals


SDSN Indonesia

The SDSN Indonesia network works very closely with youth and the University of Indonesia (UI) as Indonesia’s host institution. The UI’s “SDG Hub” was launched to foster the participation of academics, think-tanks, and students in the global SDG process and the SDSN network.


Government: Voluntary National Review

Indonesia was part of the 2017 and 2019 Voluntary National Review (VNR) of the High-Level Political Forum (HLPF) on Sustainable Development Goals.

A VNR is a part of regular and follow-up review regarding SDG implementation processes in respective countries. These national reviews are expected to serve as a basis for the regular reviews by the High-Level Political Forum (HLPF) meeting under the auspices of ECOSOC

The regular reviews by HLPF are to be voluntary, state-led, undertaken by both developed and developing countries, and involve multiple stakeholders.

Based on the theme of poverty eradication and improving prosperity in VNR 2017, Indonesia’s VNR report focuses on two main aspects, namely

  1. Improving the quality of human resources; and

  2. Enhancing economic opportunities for sustainable livelihood.

Indonesia has made many efforts in poverty alleviation in the past 10 years, and has successfully reduced the percentage of population living in poverty from 17.75 percent (2006) to 10.7 percent (2016).

Not only in terms of number, the poverty severity and depth index have also decreased, even though the absolute number of poverty is still significant (22.76 million people).

To improve the quality of human resources, Indonesia focuses on achievements in the Health sector (Goal 3), Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture (Goal 2), and Education (Goal 4).

Furthermore, improving economic opportunities for sustainable livelihoods is achieved through increased efforts in the industrial sector, innovation and infrastructure (Goal 9) as well as marine ecosystem conservation and its sustainable use (Goal 14).

The two main aspects can be achieved with the support of enabling factors, namely gender (Goal 5), as well as partnerships in various sectors, data, and financing (Goal 17).


Bappenas (National Development Planning Agency)



As per SDG Index 2020, the top 3 SDGs that are ranked well in Indonesia are:

  1. Goal 4 Quality Education

  2. Goal 12 Responsible Consumption and Production

  3. Goal 13 Climate Action

SDGs that are lowly ranked in Indonesia are:

  1. Goal 2 Zero Hunger

  2. Goal 3 Good Health and Well-Being

  3. Goal 6 Clean Water and Sanitation

  4. Goal 9 Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

  5. Goal 15 Life on Land

  6. Goal 17 Partnerships for the Goals